Scientifically known as Plectranthus amboinicus, this herb is called “Mother of Herbs” due to its numerous medicinal and culinary uses.

It is widely regarded for its therapeutic properties and has been used traditionally in various cultures for treating common ailments, from cold symptoms to asthma.

Moreover, the Mother of Herbs is a rich source of essential oils and has strong aromatic properties, which make it popular in cooking. Its leaves are often used in seasoning, imparting a unique flavor to dishes.

This versatility in both medicinal and culinary applications might be why it is affectionately termed as “Mother of Herbs,” symbolizing its nurturing and beneficial qualities.

Mother of Herbs

Aathavan jaffna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Characteristics of the “Mother of Herbs”

  • Appearance: It has thick, fuzzy, and fragrant leaves, which are green and often have a slightly toothed margin.
  • Growth: The plant grows as a bushy, spreading herb, reaching up to a meter in height.

Culinary Uses

  • Flavor: The leaves have a strong, aromatic odor and a taste reminiscent of a mix between mint, oregano and thyme.
  • Usage: It’s used in a variety of cuisines, especially in seasoning meats, soups, and stews. The leaves are often used fresh but can also be dried.

Medicinal Uses:

  • Traditional Medicine: In traditional medicine, it has been used to treat conditions such as coughs, sore throats, nasal congestion, infections, and asthma.
  • Active Components: The leaves contain essential oils and other compounds that are believed to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.

→ Coughs

The herb commonly used to treat coughs. Its effectiveness for this purpose is attributed to several properties:

  1. Expectorant Properties: The herb is believed to have expectorant properties, meaning it can help in loosening and expelling mucus from the respiratory tract. This can be particularly helpful in productive coughs, where clearing mucus is important for relief.
  2. Anti-inflammatory Effects: Inflammation can be a contributing factor in coughs, especially those associated with respiratory infections or allergic reactions. The anti-inflammatory compounds might help reduce this inflammation, thereby alleviating the cough.
  3. Antimicrobial Properties: Some studies suggest that it possesses antimicrobial properties, which can be beneficial in treating coughs caused by bacterial infections. By inhibiting the growth of bacteria, it can help in reducing the infection and associated cough.
  4. Soothing Effect: The herb is also known for its soothing effect on the throat, which can provide relief from the irritation and discomfort associated with coughing.
  5. Traditional Use: Historically, in various cultures, Plectranthus amboinicus has been used in traditional remedies for coughs. This usage is based on empirical knowledge and the experiences of traditional medicine practitioners.

It’s important to note that it is traditional and anecdotal evidence that supports the use of this herb for coughs.

Moreover, coughs can be symptoms of various underlying conditions, so it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

The use of herbs like Plectranthus amboinicus should complement, not replace, conventional medical advice and treatment.

→ Sore Throat

It is also traditionally used for treating sore throats, and its potential benefits can be attributed to several properties:

  1. Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Sore throats are often associated with inflammation. Plectranthus amboinicus contains compounds that are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce the swelling and irritation in the throat.
  2. Antimicrobial Properties: If the sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, the antimicrobial properties of Plectranthus amboinicus might be beneficial. The herb is thought to contain compounds that can inhibit the growth of certain bacteria, potentially aiding in the treatment of bacterial throat infections.
  3. Soothing Action: The herb is known for its soothing effect on the throat. Consuming it in the form of a tea or gargle can provide a direct soothing action on the irritated throat tissues, offering symptomatic relief.
  4. Analgesic Properties: Some components in Plectranthus amboinicus may have mild analgesic (pain-relieving) effects, which can be helpful in alleviating the pain and discomfort associated with a sore throat.
  5. Immune System Support: While more research is needed in this area, some believe that the herb may support the immune system, helping the body to fight off infections that can cause sore throats.

It’s important to say it again… please recognize that  sore throats can be a symptom of various underlying conditions, some of which may require medical attention.

→ Nasal Congestion

The benefits for nasal congestion are attributed to several properties of the herb:

  1. Decongestant Properties: The aromatic compounds, particularly its essential oils, can act as natural decongestants. Inhaling the aroma from the leaves can help in clearing nasal passages.
  2. Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Nasal congestion is often associated with inflammation of the nasal tissues. The anti-inflammatory properties can help in reducing this inflammation, thereby alleviating congestion.
  3. Expectorant Effects: The herb is believed to have expectorant properties, meaning it can aid in loosening and expelling mucus. This can be particularly helpful in cases where nasal congestion is accompanied by mucus buildup in the upper respiratory tract.
  4. Antimicrobial Properties: If the nasal congestion is related to a bacterial infection, the antimicrobial properties of the herb might be beneficial. It can help in combating the infection and reducing its symptoms, including congestion.
  5. Soothing Effect: The soothing effect can also be beneficial in relieving irritation and discomfort associated with nasal congestion.

Most of this evidence is based on traditional use and general pharmacological properties of the plant.

As with any health condition, if symptoms persist or worsen, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional.

→ Asthma

The “Mother of Herbs” has been traditionally used in various cultures for its potential health benefits, including the treatment of respiratory conditions like asthma.

The belief in its efficacy for asthma is primarily rooted in its traditional use and the presence of certain compounds that may have therapeutic effects.

  1. Anti-Inflammatory Properties:
    Asthma is characterized by inflammation in the airways, and Plectranthus amboinicus contains compounds that are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. These compounds could potentially reduce the inflammation in the airways of asthma patients.
  2. Bronchodilatory Effects:
    Some compounds in Plectranthus amboinicus may help to dilate the bronchi and bronchioles, reducing resistance in the respiratory airway and increasing airflow to the lungs. This bronchodilatory effect can be beneficial in relieving asthma symptoms.
  3. Antioxidant Properties:
    The plant is also known to have antioxidant properties, which can help in reducing oxidative stress, a factor that can exacerbate asthma symptoms.
  4. Traditional Use:
    In many traditional medicine systems, Plectranthus amboinicus is used for treating various respiratory ailments, including asthma. This use is often based on empirical knowledge passed down through generations.

Regarding scientific studies, there has been some research investigating the medicinal properties of Plectranthus amboinicus, though the focus on asthma specifically may be limited. These studies generally examine the plant’s chemical composition and its potential pharmacological effects.

However, it’s important to note that while traditional and anecdotal evidence may suggest benefits, scientific research is necessary to conclusively establish the efficacy and safety of the herb in treating asthma.

As with any alternative treatment, it should be approached with caution, and professional medical advice should be sought before using it as a treatment for asthma or any other health condition.

Mother of Herbs aka…

Plectranthus amboinicus is known by several other names, including Indian Borage, and these different names refer to the same plant with the same benefits. This herb is widely recognized in various cultures, leading to a variety of common names. Some of the other names include:

  1. Indian Borage: This is a common name used in many English-speaking countries, reflecting its widespread use in Indian cuisine and traditional medicine.
  2. Cuban Oregano: Despite not being native to Cuba or related to oregano, this name is used due to its oregano-like flavor and aroma.
  3. Mexican Mint: It is known by this name in some regions, again highlighting its mint-like qualities and its use in traditional Mexican remedies.
  4. Spanish Thyme: This name is used in some Caribbean regions, though it is not related to thyme.
  5. Country Borage: This name is also used in some parts of the world, emphasizing its use in rural or traditional medicine.
  6. French Thyme: Similar to “Spanish Thyme,” this name is used in some regions, despite its lack of relation to true thyme.
  7. Soup Mint: This name might be used due to its popular use in flavoring soups and stews.

Despite these various names, the plant in question is the same, and the benefits associated with it – such as its use in treating coughs, sore throats, and nasal congestion, as well as its culinary uses – remain consistent. The name variations largely reflect the herb’s multicultural significance and its integration into different traditional practices around the world.


  • Environment: It thrives in warm, tropical climates and can be grown as an indoor plant in cooler regions.
  • Care: The plant is relatively easy to care for, requiring well-drained soil and regular watering.

Other Uses

  • Ornamental: With its lush growth and pleasant aroma, it is also grown as an ornamental plant.

Growing “Mother of Herbs”

“Mother of Herbs,” is generally considered an easy plant to grow. Its hardy and resilient nature makes it suitable for both beginner and experienced gardeners. Here are some key points that contribute to its ease of cultivation:

  1. Tolerance to Various Conditions: This plant is adaptable to a range of environmental conditions. It can thrive in both sunny and partially shaded areas, although it prefers a good amount of light for optimal growth.
  2. Soil Requirements: It isn’t particularly fussy about soil types. Well-drained soil is ideal, but the plant can tolerate a range of soil conditions as long as it isn’t waterlogged.
  3. Watering Needs: Plectranthus amboinicus is drought-tolerant once established. It requires regular watering, but over-watering should be avoided. The soil should be allowed to dry out slightly between waterings.
  4. Propagation: The plant is easy to propagate from stem cuttings. Simply cutting a stem and placing it in water or directly into soil can result in successful root growth.
  5. Pest Resistance: It is relatively resistant to pests, though it can occasionally be affected by common garden pests like aphids. Generally, the plant is robust enough to withstand minor pest infestations.
  6. Temperature Tolerance: While it prefers warm climates, Plectranthus amboinicus can tolerate a range of temperatures. It’s not frost-hardy, so in cooler climates, it should be grown as an annual or brought indoors during cold weather.
  7. Maintenance: This herb requires minimal maintenance. Regular pruning can help keep it bushy and prevent it from becoming leggy.
  8. Growth Habit: It has a fast-growing, sprawling habit. This makes it suitable for use as a ground cover, in hanging baskets, or in containers where its foliage can drape attractively.

Overall, its hardiness, low maintenance requirements, and ease of propagation make Plectranthus amboinicus a popular choice for gardeners and plant enthusiasts.

By the way, this one is my favorite!


  • Usage: While it’s widely used in traditional medicine, it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider before using it for medicinal purposes, as scientific evidence supporting its health benefits is limited.

The Mother of Herbs plant is appreciated not only for its utility in the kitchen and traditional medicine but also for its ease of cultivation and pleasant aroma, making it a popular plant in home gardens.

Mother of Herbs

Plectranthus amboinicus ‘Variegata’ Photo by David J. Stang, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Bestseller No. 1
KILLI Karpooravalli | Coleus amboinicus | Omavalli Leaves Powder, 100g
  • KILLI KARPOORAVALLI LEAVES POWDER is rich in antioxdants and is traditionally used for common cold
  • AUTHENTIC AND TRADITIONAL HERBS - Karpooravalli is commonly grown in India and has been used since the ancient times for its benefits. It is also called as Omavalli
  • GOOD OLD GRANDMA'S HEALTH KIT - Coleus amboinicus is commonly known as Indian Borage in English; Karpooravalli in Tamil; Patharchur in Hindi; Panikkurkka in Malayalam;
  • USFDA CERTIFIED - KILLI Herbs are certified by the United States Food and Drug Administration, FSSAI Food Safety and Standards Authority of India, HALAL India. All the herbs are grown by our farmers...
  • WITH LOVE FROM KILLI - We have taken utmost care in cultivating the herbs and drying it without losing its natural color and nutrients. No added preservatives, colors, sugars or additives. KILLI Herbs...
Bestseller No. 2
Click to listen highlighted text!